Both employees and applicants for jobs have protections from gender discrimination. To help enforce those protections, and avail themselves of those protections, it is helpful for both workers and applicants to be familiar with the prohibitions against gender-based discrimination in the workplace.
What types of gender-based discrimination are prohibited?
Gender discrimination is prohibited against employees or applicants for a job based on gender identity, which includes transgender status, or because of their sexual orientation.
What actions based on gender discrimination are employers prohibited from taking?
Employers are prohibited from discriminating against employees or applicants for a job based on gender in any aspect of employment. This can include in the application, interview and hiring processes; firing, demoting or disciplining and employee; layoffs; pay, benefits or other compensation such as fringe benefits; job assignments or job hours; promotions or other forms of advancement; training opportunities; or any other term or condition of the employee’s employment.
Closely related to gender discrimination is sex discrimination or sexual harassment in the workplace. As this blog has previously discussed, there are different types of sexual harassment recognized under the law that workers should be familiar with so they know how they are protected in the workplaces.
As this blog has also recently discussed, unfortunately, sexual harassment behaviors have moved online into remote workplace environments. Victims of sexual harassment in the workplace and other forms of workplace discrimination, such as gender discrimination, remain protected and should be aware of the legal resources and options protecting them from that those types of discrimination in the workplace.